SAT is a program of the College Board, a non profit membership association, to which more than 5900 schools, colleges and universities belong. The SAT is the only admission test which is used by all colleges for admission, mostly in the United States, and apart from SAT, the academic records and involvement in the school activities, the essays, recommendation letter are all considered for admission.
The SAT is a globally recognized test, which testes you on your knowledge of reading , writing and maths, , most of the students take up the test when they are in their 12th , and SAT is the 1st step taken by the students to start the admission process to colleges, the sat does not test you on the logic or reasoning, but , on subjects that you learn in the school, like the critical reading, which tests you on reading passages and sentence completion, test on writing, which includes identifying errors and improving grammar and usage , also tests you on mathematics which includes the algebra, arithmetic, statistics and geometry.
The total score of the SAT test is 2400, where, the critical reading, mathematics and writing will be scored on 200 to 800 , and the student also gets 2 sub scores on the writing session , a multiple choice score from 20 to 80 and an essay score from 2 to 12. Finally , all the raw scores obtained are converted to the actual score of max 2400, called the scaled score. The SAT test is made of 10 sections, with a 25 mts essay session, six 25 mts session on math’s, critical reading and writing, two 20 mts session on the same, and a 10 mts multiple choice writing session , the total duration of the test is 3 hrs and 45 mts
Mostly students take the test once or twice, taking it more number of times does not alter the score to a great extend. The SAT is offered 7 times per year in the US and 6 times internationally, in the months of Oct, Nov, Dec, Jan, mar, May and jun, the total cost of the test will be 90$, and the college board charges an additional fee for reporting the scores to the colleges.